The Republic of Turkey is located between Eastern Europe and Western Asia, between which its territory is divided; between 36 ° and 42 ° north latitude and 26 ° and 45 ° east longitude. It is bordered on the northwest by Bulgaria, on the north by the Black Sea, on the northeast by Georgia and Armenia, on the east by Iran, on the southeast by Iraq, on the south by Syria and the Mediterranean Sea, and on the west by the Aegean Sea and Greece.
Official name: Republic of Turkey
Surface: 779,452 km²
Population: 68,000,000 inhabitants
Density: 87 h / km²
Official language: Turkish
Religions: Muslim (99%), others (1%)
Main cities: Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Bursa, Gaziantep, Antalya, Konya, Kocaeli, Trabzon.
Currency: Turkish lira
Political form: Presidential Republic. Democracy since 1946
Administrative division: 81 provinces
Some organizations to which it belongs: UN, Council of Europe, OECD, NATO, Black Sea Economic Cooperation, OCE
Official time: GMT +2: 00 hours (normal), +3: 00 (summer)
National holidays: April 23: Children’s Day, October 29: Republic Day.